Community Corrections has two components, Community Services Orders (CSOs) and Conditional Release.
A. Community Services Orders
A Community Service Order is an order of the court instructing an offender who has committed a non-serious offence to serve his/her sentence in the community by performing unpaid work for the benefit of the public as an alternative to incarceration. Activities undertaken by the NCS concerning CSOs include:
- Identifying suitable institutions for placement of offenders on CSOs and continuous monitoring of such institutions to ensure that adequate and proper supervision takes place.
- Screening offenders on request of the court to determine skills, time availability and other factors affecting placements and suitability of the offender for CSOs.
- Providing offenders with orientation on the goals of CSOs scheme and educating them on the reporting procedures and other requirements.
- Maintaining necessary records to monitor compliance or non-compliance of court orders.
B. Conditional Release Supervision
Conditional Release Supervision describes the supervision of offenders released on remission or parole in the community after they have served a portion of their sentence in the formal correctional setting. This post-incarceration strategy is designed to address the unique needs of offenders through managing them in the community so that they can continue to positively contribute to the wellbeing of their families and the general community.
A three-pronged approach is used to supervise and manage offenders on conditional release; Low Level Supervision, Moderate Level Supervision, and Intensive Level Supervision in order to match the intensity of supervision provided to each offender to their individual level of risk.
Activities undertaken under Conditional Release include:
- Compliance monitoring to ensure offenders adhere to release conditions
- Assisting offenders to re-integrate within the community and continue to adjust positively.
- Case management and programming focusing on addressing outstanding dynamic risks and on motivating offenders to progress towards lower levels of supervision.
- Facilitating change and exercising control over offenders.